Grüner Veltliner (spelled Gruener when the umlaut is not present and also known as Weissgipfler, Manhardsrebe Grüner Muskateller) is the most widely planted grape in Austria, making up for 1/3 of the country’s wine production. Although the exact origins of the grape are unknown, records of its existence date as far back as Roman times. One parent is known to be Traminer, the other remains unknown. Gruener Veltiner is indigenous to Austria, though it is now being grown throughout the world including New Zealand and Oregon. Although Gruener Veltliner is grown throughout the country, it is predominantly known from the Wachau, Kamptal, Kremstal, Weinvertel and Wagram regions. Gruener Veltliner is extremely susceptible to its terroir taking on the soil and climate characteristics of each region dramatically.
For example, Gruener from the Kamptal is often recognized as a more mineral style whilst Gruener from the Wachau is much more serious and acidic. Typically, Gruener Veltliner is recognized as a highly acidic grape full of white pepper spice and green apple with lingering citrus characteristics. Gruener Veltliner wines can range in alcoholic content, but are generally between 12-13% abv. Some Gruener Veltliner wines can be as high as 15%. Although the wines are generally produced dry, Gruener Veltliner can also be produced in a range of sweetness. With Gruener Veltliner, anything is possible.